Literature Review Post

In Uncategorized on March 26, 2012 at 12:23 am

The whole concept of reflective practice writing in journalism, seems like it’s a new thing in the field of journalism. Particularly in the field of broadcast journalism, where it seems more and more journalists are branching out into the written work area.

The Concordia University paper Between a rock and a hard place: the challenges of reporting about trauma and the value of reflective practice for journalists (Amend, Kay, Kyle, Reilly 2010) says there are two methods of reflective practice. These are reflective-in-action and reflective-on-action. In-action-reflection is when the reflective practice is engaged while doing something, whereas reflective-on-action practice occurs after the fact.

The e-book Journalism Practice by Sarah Niblock states that more and more journalists are undertaking reflective practice in the modern age, by means of blogging, interviews, lectures, and the like. It’s believed that the aim of this is to “bring theory and practice into closer union.”

Best Practices in Journalism Education: Teaching journalism as decision-making, an international web conference, re-iterates Boud and Walker’s (1990) theory that there is three stages to reflective practice: The preparation stage, during the activity, and after. By doing this, thought becomes part of the action taken, and makes reflective practice a more natural part to the process of journalism.

The New Jounalism Review puts forward that reflective practice could, and should, become the norm for journalists in training. Again, this would allow the process of reflective practice to become a habit for journalists in the future.

Terry Bell believes that reflective practice is now considered as part of the day-to-day life of a journalist, and that in doing so, the “where, why and how of any specific practice” fits into the general nature and concept of journalism.

In reading all these views on reflective practice, and their modern-age relationship to journalism, it’s clear to understand that the general belief is that undertaking a reflective practice view allows a journalist to look back at the work, and see where/what they could’ve done better, what they done well, and what they can do next time.

It also allows them to think over anything wrong they may have done ethically, such as naming sources that shouldn’t have been named, or using unethical methods of research, a la News of the World.

By doing so, journalism pieces become slightly self-regulated, with journalists themselves being able to keep their work balanced so that in the future, they make all the right actions, and if journalists can keep themselves in line, that can only be a good thing.


Kay, Linda and Reilly, Rosemary C. and Amend, Elyse and Kyle, Terry (2010) Between a rock and a hard place: the challenges of reporting about trauma and the value of reflective practice for journalists. Journalism Studies, 12 . ISSN 1461-670X

Sarah Niblock (2007): FROM “KNOWING HOW” TO “BEING ABLE”, Journalism Practice, 1:1, 20-32

Burns, LS 2002, ‘Teaching journalism as decision-making’, Proceedings of the Best Practices in Journalism Education,
an international web conference, viewed 23 March 2012,

Bell, T 2010, ‘Reflections on reflective thinking and practice’, Terry Bell Writes blog, web blog post, 2 October, viewed 24 March 2012

Hill, S 2007, ‘Reflective practice for journalists’, New Journalists Review blog, web blog post, 5 May, viewed 24 March 2012


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